I’ve shoveled out of the snow and ice and I’m thinking Spring! This is inspiring me today…
Built in 1844 and comprising 733 perfectly landscaped acres, Spring Grove Cemetery and Arboretum in Cincinnati is one of the largest and most beautiful cemeteries in the world. Listed on the National Register of Historic places, it’s as much a lush Victorian botanical garden as it is a burial ground.
Spring Grove exemplifies an attitude toward death and mourning which is uniquely Victorian. Its park-like setting and fascinating statuary attract people to come and spend time there, including sightseers, runners, picnickers and nature lovers.
Spring Grove encourages visitors. It holds frequent events to attract and engage the public. Tours, Races, Parades and Seminars. Even Maple Syrup tapping!
In contrast, there isn’t much to make one want to visit the typical modern cemetery. They’re usually austere, utilitarian and uninviting. More parking lot than park.
Interestingly, Spring Grove has kept beehives since its beginning.
Why are Spring Grove and other Victorian era cemeteries different? The simple answer is there were more people dying then.
Urban overcrowding and poor sanitation resulted in epidemics of consumption, scarlet fever, typhoid, smallpox and cholera. Medical treatment was medieval, and most people who became ill never recovered. Children were especially at risk. Hundreds of thousands of people died of diseases which are today practically nonexistent.
As a way of coping with tragedy, Victorians romanticized death, developing a preoccupation with the rituals and paraphernalia of mourning which today seems morbid if not perverse. People spent huge sums of money on elaborate funerals. They gathered around pianos and sang songs like “The Vacant Chair” and “Cradle’s Empty, Baby’s Gone.” Foods were served with names like “funeral biscuits and “dead bone cookies.” Parents commissioned portraits of their children in which deceased offspring were included. Post-mortem photography was extremely popular.
One of the practical problems of more dead people was finding a place to bury them. Up to that time people had been buried primarily in church graveyards, but graveyards simply ran out of space. New cemeteries had to be built. Given the Victorians’ attitude towards death, the new cemeteries tended to be elaborate and costly.
The history of Spring Grove is typical. The creation of a new cemetery was made necessary by a particularly bad cholera outbreak in the 1830s. The polluted Ohio river and Erie canal made disease a way of life in Cincinnati at this time, and local churchyards were overflowing. Modeling it in part after Pere la Chaise in Paris, the Cincinnati Horticultural Society established Spring Grove as a non-profit nondenominational corporation. Salmon P. Chase, later Chief Justice of the U. S. Supreme Court, lobbied for the charter, which was granted by special act of the Ohio legislature on January 21, 1845. The first burial took place on September 1 of that same year.
The idyllic setting of the cemetery and careful attention paid to its upkeep made it a popular place to visit–more a park than a graveyard. The artistic “lawn plan” landscaping has been studied and imitated for more than a century. The arboretum contains numerous prizewinning trees, some more than a hundred years old. This is all aside from the aesthetics of the various memorials, many of which are quite unique. And the cemetery provides an animal sanctuary for birds, squirrels, and groundhogs. And, of course, bees.
It’s a cold, rainy and generally gloomy Saturday in Cincinnati. I’ve managed to get a few errands done, but all I want to do is curl up and keep warm. Maybe do a bit of needlepoint…
Then there appeared a bright spot – the blooming of a spectacular Autumn-colored dinner plate dahlia!! It loves the miserable weather. A gorgeous reminder that even a dark and damp Fall day can be beautiful!!
- Dahlias, dahlias and more dahlias. Still going strong (rozsmithblog.wordpress.com)
- Mrs. Blossom’s Dahlias (jenbowles.typepad.com)
- Yellow Dahlia Flower (22flowers.wordpress.com)
- Dahlia Heaven (lulumusing.wordpress.com)
- The Dahlia Lady (justlivinggreen.wordpress.com)
And the livin’ is easy
Fish are jumpin’
And the cotton is high
Oh, Your daddy’s rich
And your mamma’s good lookin’
So hush little baby
Don’t you cry
One of these mornings
You’re going to rise up singing
Then you’ll spread your wings
And you’ll take to the sky
But until that morning
There’s a’nothing can harm you
With your daddy and mammy standing by
- Summertime (bsnbrazil.wordpress.com)
- For Those That Remember & Those That Don’t ~ Chill Out to Janice & Summertime (ravens-tree.com)
- Summertime – the August poetry challenge (charioteers.org)
- summertime sadness (emmabjarkvik.wordpress.com)
- Kiss Me Hard Before You Go. (richasheth2112.wordpress.com)
- “Summertime” (kcchristinacole.wordpress.com)
- Lana Del Rey Summertime Sadness (trendsmusic.wordpress.com)
Herbs of the Mint family are a beautiful and useful addition to any cottage garden. They include such favorites as basil, mint, rosemary, sage, savory, marjoram, oregano, hyssop, thyme, lavender, and lemon balm.
Originally, cottage gardens were grown for household use, not for beauty alone. Herbs were used as medicine, as flavoring for food, and to freshen the air in the damp, musty lodgings.
The concept of a separate herb garden, isolated from other flowering plants, would have been inconceivable to an early cottage gardener. Herbs and vegetables were grown side by side with roses and foxgloves, both of which also had household uses.
As you can see from these pictures, herbs can be as beautiful as purely decorative plantings. They are also very attractive to bees and butterflies.
I try to incorporate as many as I can into my overall garden design.
- The Wonderful World of Mints – Part One (showmeoz.wordpress.com)
This charming poster is both educational and decorative. It’s a great reminder of what bee-friendly plants are blooming throughout the foraging season.
It’s available for purchase from Friends of the Earth.
- English Cottage Gardening – Bees Love Nepeta And So Do I (romancingthebee.com)
- Bringing Back the Buzz to Eastbourne (eastbournefriendsoftheearth.wordpress.com)
- How important Bees are: responsible for our food, our whole ecosystem. (astudentlivingwithmentalillness.wordpress.com)
- English Cottage Gardening – Plant An Apple Tree For Arbor Day (romancingthebee.com)
- Bee-Poisoning: The Death of a Species? (1millionwomenblog.com)
I love Nepeta aka catmint! It’s also a favorite of honey bees and other pollinators. It’s deer resistant too!
Below one of my ever-present fluffy Bumbles enjoys a tasty snack…
It is a beautiful plant to use in a border. Gertrude Jekyll wrote “it is a plant that can hardly be overpraised.”
I find catmint easier to grow than lavender. If you cut it back after first bloom, it will bloom again just as vigorously.
My favorite cultivar is Walker’s Low which was the 2007 Perennial of the Year. The name, Walker’s Low, does not refer to the size of the plant, but to a garden in England.
Plant some catmint this summer. Your buzzing friends will thank you!
- English Cottage Gardening – Planting Mt. Everest (romancingthebee.com)
- Easy, Pretty, Perennial (thesimplelandscape.com)
- Beautiful Beekeeping – Beautiful Beehives Of The Day – Simple But Elegant (romancingthebee.com)